Our eyes contain a fluid called the aqueous humour, which provides nutrients to the eye and removes waste. Eye pressure is determined by a balance in production and drainage of this fluid. Ocular hypertension is caused when the fluid is unable to drain out of the eye properly and increases the eye pressure.
Ocular hypertension does not usually carry any symptoms and it is unlikely to cause any problems with your vision. A very small number of cases can develop into glaucoma which can affect your vision.
It is important to note that not everyone who has ocular hypertension will develop glaucoma, and the majority of cases do not.
However, one of the greatest risk factors in developing glaucoma is consistently high intraocular pressure. Essentially, as the pressure increases, so does the risk of developing glaucoma.
Due to the close link between ocular hypertension and glaucoma, treatment will involve ongoing and regular monitoring to keep an eye out for any signs that it is developing into glaucoma.
You may also be prescribed eye drops that will help to reduce the pressure in your eyes.
Cataracts are a very common eye condition that usually develop as we age, causing cloudy or misty patches in the eye’s clear lens.
Medically known as oculoplastic and lacrimal surgery, this describes a variety of procedures that focus on disorders of the eyelids and tear ducts.
Glaucoma is term for a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve, typically due to an increased pressure within the eye.
Medical retina describes eye conditions that affect the sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye, known as the retina.
This condition means that the pressure in your eye (intraocular pressure) is higher than normal and is usually detected by your optician during a routine eye test.